Stone Masonry

Stone Masonry

Brick | Stone | Concrete


Call or Text 206-437-6582

Stone Masonry Wall Repairs

Stone Masonry Wall Repairs

Causes of Damage to Stone Walls

Stone walls add beauty and character to a property, but they are susceptible to various forms of damage over time. Understanding the causes of damage and knowing how to repair them can help homeowners maintain the integrity of their stone walls. Here are common causes of damage and repair solutions:

Water Damage: Water infiltration can cause erosion, cracking, and discoloration of stone walls. To repair water damage, identify and fix sources of water intrusion, such as leaking gutters or poorly graded landscaping. Seal cracks and gaps in the stone with waterproof sealant, and consider applying a breathable waterproof coating to the surface of the wall to prevent future damage.
freeze-thaw Cycles: In cold climates, water trapped within the pores of stone can freeze and expand, leading to cracking and spalling. Repair freeze-thaw damage by replacing damaged stones, filling cracks with mortar or epoxy, and applying a waterproof sealant to protect the surface from moisture penetration.
vegetation growth: Roots from nearby trees and shrubs can penetrate stone walls, causing structural damage and displacement of stones. Trim vegetation away from the wall and remove any roots that have infiltrated the stone. Fill gaps and voids with mortar to reinforce the wall, and consider installing a barrier between the wall and vegetation to prevent future damage.
Foundation Issues: Uneven settling of the ground beneath a stone wall or foundation problems can cause the wall to shift or crack. Repair settling issues by stabilizing the foundation with additional support or reinforcement. Reset displaced stones and fill voids with mortar to restore the structural integrity of the wall.
Structural Instability: In some cases, stone walls may suffer from structural instability due to poor construction or lack of maintenance. Consult a structural engineer or experienced stonemason to assess the stability of the wall and recommend appropriate repairs, which may include rebuilding sections of the wall, reinforcing with steel or concrete, or installing additional support.

Regular inspection and maintenance are key to preventing damage to stone walls and ensuring their longevity. Addressing issues promptly and implementing proper repair solutions can help homeowners preserve the beauty and functionality of their stone walls for years to come.

Stone Chimneys

Repair | Remodel

Repairing cracked or damaged masonry

Fixing chimney leaks

Removing creosote buildup

Repairing or replacing damaged chimney liners

Replacing damaged or missing chimney caps

Repointing mortar joints

Addressing chimney flashing issues

Fixing chimney crown damage

Natural Stone vs. Faux Stone

Know the Difference


Natural Stone


Real stone, such as granite, marble, or slate, offers a genuine and timeless aesthetic that can’t be replicated. Each piece is unique, adding character and charm to any space.


Natural stone is incredibly durable and long-lasting. It can withstand the test of time and is resistant to wear and tear, making it suitable for high-traffic areas.


Real stone can increase the value of your property due to its premium and timeless appeal, making it an excellent investment for homeowners.

Heat Resistant

Natural stone is heat-resistant, making it suitable for use in kitchens, where hot pots and pans may be placed directly on the surface

Faux Stone

Cost Effective

Faux stone is generally more affordable than real stone, making it an attractive option for budget-conscious individuals who want the look of stone without the high cost.


Faux stone is often lighter than real stone, which can make installation easier and less labor-intensive.


Faux stone comes in a wide range of styles and colors, offering greater versatility in design options. It can mimic the appearance of various types of stone

Low Maintenance

Faux stone typically requires less maintenance than real stone. It is easier to clean and doesn’t require sealing or regular upkeep.


Masonry Walls

Durable and Versatile

Types of Masonry Wall Construction

Adobe Masonry Walls

Sustainable: Adobe is an eco-friendly material made from earth, sand, straw, and water.

Thermal Mass: Adobe walls have excellent thermal mass, which helps in regulating indoor temperatures

Low Insulation: While they have thermal mass, adobe walls may require additional insulation for extreme climates.

Maintenance: Adobe walls require periodic maintenance and protection from moisture.

Brick Masonry Walls

Durability: Brick walls are known for their long-lasting durability, with a lifespan that can exceed a century if properly maintained.
Aesthetic Appeal: Bricks come in various colors and textures, allowing for versatile and attractive designs.
Sound Insulation: Glass block walls can offer some level of sound insulation.
Thermal Insulation: Bricks have good thermal insulation properties, helping to regulate indoor temperatures.
Sound Insulation: They provide reasonable sound insulation due to their mass and density.

Concrete Masonry Walls

Strength: Concrete blocks are known for their high compressive strength, making them suitable for load-bearing walls.
Fire Resistance: Concrete blocks offer excellent fire resistance properties, often used in fire-rated walls.
Versatility: They come in different sizes, shapes, and finishes, providing design flexibility..
Insulation: Concrete blocks can be filled with insulation material to improve thermal performance.

Stone Masonry Walls

Natural Aesthetics: Stone walls offer a rustic and natural appearance, with each stone being unique.
Durability: Natural stone is highly durable and can last for centuries.
Weight: Stone walls can be quite heavy, requiring strong foundations.
Expensive: Natural stone can be costly due to its sourcing and labor-intensive installation.

Masonry Sealing

Masonry sealing is a critical aspect of maintaining the structural integrity and aesthetic appeal of various masonry surfaces, including brick walls, stone facades, and concrete driveways. Sealing involves applying a protective coating to the surface of the masonry to prevent water infiltration, moisture damage, staining, and deterioration from environmental factors such as UV rays, freeze-thaw cycles, and air pollution.

One of the primary benefits of masonry sealing is its ability to repel water and moisture. Water intrusion can cause significant damage to masonry over time, including cracking, spalling, efflorescence, and mold growth. By sealing the surface, water is unable to penetrate the masonry pores, reducing the risk of moisture-related issues and prolonging the lifespan of the structure.

In addition to water repellency, masonry sealers can also provide protection against stains and discoloration. Sealants create a barrier on the surface of the masonry, preventing oil, grease, dirt, and other contaminants from penetrating and staining the surface. This is particularly beneficial for masonry surfaces exposed to heavy foot traffic or vehicular traffic, such as driveways, walkways, and patios.

Furthermore, masonry sealers can enhance the appearance of the masonry by highlighting natural colors and textures while adding a subtle sheen or gloss. This can be especially desirable for decorative masonry elements such as exposed brick walls, stone fireplaces, and architectural details. Additionally, some sealers offer UV protection, helping to prevent fading and discoloration of the masonry over time, particularly in outdoor applications.

Overall, masonry sealing is an essential step in protecting and preserving masonry surfaces, whether they are part of a residential, commercial, or historic structure. By investing in quality sealants and proper application techniques, property owners can ensure the long-term durability, beauty, and value of their masonry investments.

Retaining Walls



A layer of quality top soil is placed above the aggregate fill and contained by the masonry


Filter fabric prevents growth of weeds and soil erosion while allowing for water drainage


A layer of crushed rocks or gravel fills up the space inside the wall and promotes drainage.


The structure. of the retaining wall is made from reinforced concrete or stones


PVC pipe exits the bottom of the wall to allow proper drainage

Masonry Cleaning

Masonry surfaces are exposed to a wide range of environmental elements that can take a toll on their appearance and performance. Dirt, grime, algae, moss, mildew, and other contaminants can accumulate on these surfaces, detracting from their visual appeal and potentially causing damage if left unchecked. Additionally, pollutants such as acid rain, soot, and airborne particles can contribute to staining and discoloration, further compromising the appearance of masonry.

Regular masonry cleaning is essential for several reasons:

Preservation of Appearance: Clean masonry surfaces enhance the curb appeal of buildings, making them more visually appealing and inviting. Removing dirt, stains, and biological growth restores the natural beauty of brick, stone, or concrete, allowing the architectural features to shine.
Protection Against Damage: Accumulated dirt, debris, and biological growth can trap moisture against masonry surfaces, leading to deterioration and structural damage over time. By keeping masonry clean, property owners can prevent moisture-related issues such as efflorescence, spalling, and freeze-thaw damage, thereby extending the lifespan of the building.
Health and Safety: Biological growth such as mold, mildew, and algae not only detracts from the appearance of masonry but also poses health risks to occupants. These organisms can release spores and allergens into the air, potentially causing respiratory problems and allergic reactions. Regular cleaning helps eliminate harmful contaminants, promoting a healthier indoor environment.
Maintenance of Property Value: Well-maintained masonry surfaces contribute to the overall value of a property. By investing in routine cleaning and maintenance, property owners can protect their investment and ensure that their buildings retain their value over time. Clean, well-preserved masonry adds to the curb appeal and marketability of a property, making it more attractive to potential buyers or tenants.

Masonry cleaning techniques vary depending on the type of surface, the nature of the stains, and the extent of cleaning required. Common methods include:

Pressure Washing: This involves using high-pressure water to remove dirt, grime, and surface contaminants from masonry surfaces. Pressure washing is effective for cleaning large areas such as exterior walls, sidewalks, and driveways, but care must be taken to avoid damaging delicate surfaces or forcing water into cracks and joints.
Chemical Cleaning: Chemical cleaners are often used to dissolve stubborn stains, efflorescence, or mineral deposits on masonry surfaces. These cleaners may include acidic or alkaline solutions tailored to the specific type of stain or surface being treated. Proper application and rinsing are essential to avoid damage to the masonry and surrounding vegetation.
Steam Cleaning: Steam cleaning utilizes high-temperature steam to loosen and remove dirt, grease, and contaminants from masonry surfaces. This method is gentle yet effective and is particularly suitable for delicate or historic masonry where abrasive cleaning methods may cause damage.
Manual Cleaning: For intricate or delicate masonry features, such as ornamental carvings or decorative elements, manual cleaning techniques such as scrubbing with brushes or sponges may be employed. This allows for precise control over the cleaning process and minimizes the risk of damage to sensitive surfaces.

Masonry cleaning is an essential aspect of property maintenance that helps preserve the appearance, integrity, and value of buildings constructed using brick, stone, concrete, or stucco. By removing dirt, stains, and biological growth from masonry surfaces, property owners can enhance curb appeal, protect against damage, promote a healthier indoor environment, and maintain property value. With a variety of cleaning methods available, tailored to the specific needs of each surface, maintaining clean masonry is an achievable goal for property owners seeking to protect their investment and ensure the long-term durability of their buildings.


What types of stone can be used for masonry projects?

Common types of stones used in masonry include granite, limestone, sandstone, slate, and marble. The choice depends on your project’s requirements and design preferences.

Can you work with different architectural styles?

Yes, our skilled masons have experience working with various architectural styles, from traditional to modern, and can tailor the design to match your preferences.

Do you provide custom design services?

Absolutely! We can work with you to create custom stone masonry designs that suit your unique vision and requirements.

Is your team licensed and insured?

Yes, our team is fully licensed and insured to ensure the safety and quality of your stone masonry project.

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The Washington State
Masonry Company

License No. BRICKBD809Q4

We offer same day or same week in-person estimates and project completions
5 year warranty on all workmanship

15-20 Year Warranty on all Workmanship

Based out of Federal Way, WA

Call Us At: 206-437-6582